Cool Gray Dawn

June 25, 2017

Here is the first season of Cool Gray Dawn, an espionage series I have created about the Central Intelligence Agency. With a focus on the early days of the Cold War, Cool Gray Dawn features the exploits of CIA’s Domestic Operations Division and their Special Operations Team, nicknamed “mandarins.” This first season focuses on the years 1959 and 1960.

As the Cold War pit the rival superpowers of the East against the West, bringing the world to the brink of nuclear annihilation, CIA’s Domestic Operations Division not only found itself embroiled in deadly battles with the KGB, but also with its NATO allies, the FBI and other U.S. government agencies—as well as divisions within CIA itself.

Each episode, based in the context of historical fact, features Warren Latham, spymaster and head of Domestic Operations. An American version of John le Carré’s George Smiley at MI6, Latham displays the guile and genius, intelligence and wit, ruthlessness and charm that formed the free world’s last line of defense.

Each title is a hyperlink to a PDF file. I hope you enjoy them.

Episode #1: The First Casualty

Episode #2: A Finesse Strategy

Episode #3: Marginal Value

Episode #4: Loyalty

Episode #5: Little Dove

Episode #6: A Passive Provocation

Episode #7: Everybody Wins

Episode #8: Training Purposes

Episode #9: The Devil Is In The Details

Episode #10: The KUBARK Way

Episode #11: The Canard

Episode #12: Raising The Bar

Episode #13: Something’s Wrong Here

Episode #14: The Last Refuge


The First Dialectic

June 19, 2017

While sitting in a booth at The Deli Llama, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels developed Dialectical Materialism, a philosophical construct derived from one of their failed comedy routines. Let’s listen in on their conversation that fateful night…

Karl Marx:  Ach! What was up with that audience?

Friedrich Engels:  What was with you tonight?

KM: What?

FE: You had to have audience participation. Did I tell you to ask for audience participation? No. You had to have audience participation. It was your brilliant idea.

KM:  How was I to know they’d throw things?

FE:  And that stupid song of yours – who ever heard of a word that rhymes with “heuristics?” What kind of an idiot asks the audience for a word that rhymes with heuristics?

KM:  It sounded good at the time.

FE:  Moron. And what the hell is the “materialist conception of history?” Where do you get that stuff?

KM:  I was waiting for Sasha to finish her gruel so I could take her to kindergarten. I saw it on the side of her lunch box. I thought it might get a laugh.

FE:  Oh, by the way, genius—it’s “materialist dialectic,” not “dialectical materialism.”

KM:  Since when?

FE:  Since we started. It’s always been materialist dialectic.

KM:  Yeah, and no one laughed. Ever. Look what happened tonight—they were rolling on the floor.

FE:  That was the cheese. Roquefort isn’t supposed to be green.

KM:  You should talk. First it’s “geist”, then it’s “zeitgeist.” Make up your mind.

FE:  I wanted to get some concept of time in there, so I used zeitgeist. What’s the big deal?

KM:  You threw off my timing is what!

FE:  Like you know timing. You were supposed to pause after “thought is a reflection of the material world in the drain.”

KM:  It’s “brain,” you idiot—not drain!

FE:  Well, if you’re going to start quoting me on stage, you nitwit, it’s “ceaseless,” as in “All nature is a ceaseless state of movement and change.”

KM:  What did I say?

FE:  Creaseless.

KM:  It got a laugh.

FE:  We sounded like idiots up there tonight.

KM:  What if we focused more on materialism?  I heard this kid Lenin do a real funny bit on it at the Rathskeller. It was murder!


WANTED: Poster

June 19, 2017

Sooner or later you will be asked to do a presentation, one requiring a full display of your creative and oratorical skills. So how do you overwhelm your audience if your greatest skill heretofore has been talking behind the backs of your coworkers?

The answer is the poster. Yes, that stalwart of boardrooms and bedrooms, the poster offers style, format, color, readability, attractiveness and showmanship—traits that, when properly applied, can easily camouflage your lack of knowledge.

Here, then, is my brief guide through the do’s and don’ts of creating an effective poster, one that, if followed to the letter, will spellbind your audiences and confound your critics. So let’s get started!

POSTER LAYOUT AND FORMAT

DON’T create your poster on just one or two large boards, especially billboards; they’re clumsy and a real nuisance to lug around. Billboards frequently don’t fit well into a glove box. They strain your muscles and your patience, and when they fall down, they generally tend to crush anyone standing beneath them.

DO make up your poster in a large number of separate sections of roughly comparable size. However, resist the temptation to shape each section irregularly so as to resemble a jigsaw puzzle. Mount each section individually on a colored board of its own of slightly larger dimensions; this frames each poster segment with a nice border. Where the borders are restricted, enhance them with barbed wire.

DON’T vary type sizes and typefaces, especially in the same sentence.

DO design your poster as though it were the layout for a magazine. Select fonts and sizes that work well together and dismiss the ones that don’t with only a week’s severance.

DON’T use too small a type size for your poster. This is the single most common error, aside from writing in crayon. Using 8- or 10-point type will only please your optometrist. And never, ever, use 2-point type except under a court order.

DO use a type size that draws a crowd around your poster. Failing that, offer free beer.

DON’T pick a font simply because it was the only one left after all the others had paired off. More importantly, avoid the urge to choose a font where the lower-case ‘m’ resembles a rear view of someone bending over at the waist.

DO, by all means, use colors in your poster. But always try to use them without letting them know they’re being used.

DON’T leave people wondering who did the work. Put the names of all authors and their institutional affiliations just below the title. It’s also a nice touch to include the full names of any correctional institutions they may have attended.

DO use a high-quality laser printer to print your poster. Where funding is an issue, select someone with good penmanship. Also, consider adjusting the kerningthe space between each letter—to reduce the risk from pickpockets.

POSTER CONTENT

DON’T use sexist language. Avoid gender-specific words, as in this example: “Anyone who parked in Lot 3 will have his car removed.” Instead, make this gender-neutral with: “Anyone who parked in Lot 3 is fired.”

DO consider adding a helpful tutorial section to your poster, complete with photos taken with a hidden camera and instructions on where to leave the cash.

DON’T use chalk outlines to represent the competition.

DO give credit where it is due; just do so in a low voice.

DON’T expect anyone to spend more than three minutes looking at your poster. If they do, check to see if you still have your wallet.

DO be descriptive. Remember, you are not limited to 50 words—unless it exceeds your vocabulary.

DON’T forget the Rule Of Three, which says that things repeated three times are more likely to be remembered. Don’t forget the Rule Of Three, which says that things repeated three times are more likely to be remembered. Don’t forget the Rule Of Three, which says that things repeated three times are more likely to be remembered.

PRESENTING YOUR POSTER

DO treat people you encounter with courtesy and respect; however, do not follow them home.

DON’T stand too close to the audience; it’s much easier to deflect objects when they are hurled at you from a distance.

DO realize that a poster should be accessible. A little informality can be helpful, but stop short of calling everyone “baby.”

DON’T put your hands in the pockets of your sport coat if you’re not actually wearing your sport coat.

DO offer a firm handshake to everyone in the audience; this should leave little time for your presentation and get you off the hook.

DON’T fidget or slouch, especially if you are lying on the floor.

DO ask for clarification if you do not understand someone’s question. Then ask again and again and again until they tire of speaking to you.

DON’T use correction fluid to hide a pimple.

DO offer to explain complex formulae as soon as you get back from break. Then take off.

DON’T tease the audience; it can only come back to haunt you later on when, after the presentation, they are outside waiting for you with baseball bats.


My Boeing–McDonnell Douglas–Insitu Survey

June 19, 2017

Dear Valued Customer,

Thank you for purchasing a Boeing–McDonnell Douglas–Insitu aircraft. Please take a few moments to fill out our survey. Answering these questions is not required, but the information will help us to develop new products that best meet your needs and desires—and those of your followers.

  1. Appellation: [ ] Mr.  [ ] Mrs.  [ ] Ms.  [ ] Miss  [ ] HRH  [ ] Col.
    [ ] Gen.  
    [ ] Comrade  [ ] Classified  [ ] Other (e.g., Your Beatitude)
  2. First Name (As it appears on your birth certificate, or as you wish to be remembered): …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  3. Initial(s) [Limit of 3, please]: ………………………
  4. Last Name (For surnames with 2 or more hyphens, use a separate sheet of paper; set off aliases in quotation marks): …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  5. Password (For your protection, clear text here is replaced with a mix of special characters and ASL—American Sign Language): …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….
  6. Your Code Name: …………………………………………………………………………
  7. Latitude-Longitude-Altitude: …………….. – …………… – ….………….
  8. Which aircraft did you purchase?
    a. [ ] F-14 Tomcat
    b. [ ] F-15 Eagle
    c. [ ] F-16 Falcon
    d. [ ] F-117A Stealth
    e. [ ] ScanEagle Drone
    f.  [ ] Pre-owned DC-10 (Refurbished)
    g. [ ] Pre-owned DC-10 (Crashed and Refurbished)
    h. [ ] Mitsubishi F1M (Received in a trade)
    i.  [ ] Classified
  9. Date of purchase (Use Julian Date only, please): ________.____
  10. Serial No. (For manned aircraft, see tag on pilot-side doorsill or bomb bay door; for drones, see plate behind inertial stabilized turret system): …….………………………………………..…..….……
  11. How was this Boeing-McDonnell Douglas-Insitu product purchased?
    a. [ ] Received as a gift/humanitarian aid package
    b. [ ] Catalog showroom
    c. [ ] Independent arms broker
    d. [ ] Mail order
    e. [ ] Discount store
    f.  [ ] Government surplus
    g. [ ] Classified
  12. How did you became aware of the Boeing-McDonnell Douglas-Insitu product you have just purchased?
    a. [ ] Heard a loud noise and looked up
    b. [ ] Store window display
    c. [ ] Espionage
    d. [ ] Recommended by friend/relative/ally/Consumer Reports
    e. [ ] Was attacked by one
  13. Select 3 factors that most influenced your decision to purchase this product:
    a. [ ] Style/appearance
    b. [ ] Speed/maneuverability
    c. [ ] Price/value
    d. [ ] Conformed to local noise abatement laws
    e. [ ] Comfort/convenience
    f.  [ ] Kickback/bribe
    g. [ ] Recommended by the salesperson
    h. [ ] Backroom politics
    i.  [ ] Negative experience opposing one in combat
    j.  [ ] Gun held to my head
  14. To the best of your knowledge, check all locations where this Boeing-McDonnell Douglas-Insitu product will be used:
    a. [ ] North America
    b. [ ] Iran
    c. [ ] Central/South America
    d. [ ] Philadelphia
    e. [ ] Iran
    f.  [ ] Europe
    g. [ ] Middle East (not Iran)
    h. [ ] Iran
    i.  [ ] Africa
    j.  [ ] Asia/Far East
    k. [ ] Iran
    l.  [ ] Misc. Third World Countries (excluding Iran)
    m.[ ] Classified
    n. [ ] Iran
  15. Of the products listed, which ones do you currently own or intend to purchase in the near future?
    a. [ ] Flat-Screen TV
    b. [ ] iPod
    c. [ ] ICBM
    d. [ ] Death-Ray Satellite
    e. [ ] DVD Player
    f.  [ ] Air-to-Air Missiles
    g. [ ] Space Shuttle (Used, Refurbished)
    h. [ ] Space Shuttle (Reassembled)
    i.  [ ] Home Computer
    j.  [ ] Nuclear Weapon
    k. [ ] Recovered Alien Spacecraft
  16. Describe yourself and/or your organization. (Check all that apply)
    a. [ ] Communist/Socialist
    b. [ ] Terrorist
    c. [ ] Vegan
    d. [ ] Republican
    e. [ ] Quaker
    f.  [ ] Cosmic Muffin
    g. [ ] Democrat
    h. [ ] Dictatorship
    i.  [ ] Corrupt
    j.  [ ] Primitive/Tribal/Tea Party
  17. How did you pay for your Boeing-McDonnell Douglas-Insitu product?
    a. [ ] Under the table
    b. [ ] Money Order
    c. [ ] Payroll deduction
    d. [ ] Redeemed a coupon
    e. [ ] Deficit spending
    f.  [ ] Cash
    g. [ ] Suitcases of cocaine
    h. [ ] Oil revenues
    i.  [ ] Personal check
    j.  [ ] Prepaid debit card
    k. [ ] Ransom money
  18.  Your occupation:
    a. [ ] Homemaker
    b. [ ] Student
    c. [ ] Sales/Marketing
    d. [ ] Insurgent
    e. [ ] Clerical
    f.  [ ] Mercenary
    g. [ ] Tyrant
    h. [ ] Middle Management
    i.  [ ] Eccentric Billionaire
    j.  [ ] Defense Minister
    k. [ ] Retired
  19. Circle the highest level of education you have attained. (If completed by a proxy, please initial the selection.)
    a. [ ] Postgraduate
    b. [ ] Graduate
    c. [ ] Undergraduate
    d. [ ] High School/G.E.D.
    e. [ ] Elementary/Middle School
    f.  [ ] Other
  20. To help us better understand our customers’ lifestyles, please indicate the interests and activities in which you and your spouse/partner enjoy participating on a regular basis:
    a. [ ] Golf
    b. [ ] Boating/Sailing
    c. [ ] Sabotage
    d. [ ] Shaving the cat
    e. [ ] Walking/Running/Jogging
    f.  [ ] Propaganda/Disinformation
    g. [ ] Destabilization/Overthrow
    h. [ ] Defaulting on loans
    i.  [ ] Gardening
    j.  [ ] Arts and Crafts
    k. [ ] Black Marketeering/Smuggling
    l.  [ ] Collectibles
    m.[ ] Watching sports on TV
    n. [ ] Wine Tasting
    o. [ ] Interrogation/Torture
    p. [ ] Animal Adoptions
    q. [ ] Crushing Rebellions/Insurrections
    r.  [ ] Espionage/Reconnaissance
    s. [ ] Fashion Design
    t.  [ ] Border Disputes
    u. [ ] Mutually Assured Destruction
    v. [ ] Cooking

Thank you for participating in this survey. Your answers will be used in market studies that will help Boeing-McDonnell Douglas-Insitu serve you better in the future.

Your privacy is important to us. You have our assurance that your information will not be shared with other companies, governments, extremist groups, the FBI or their various international consortia.

As a bonus for responding to this survey, you will be registered to win a brand new Cuisinart Pressure Cooker in our Guns And Butter Sweepstakes!

Comments or suggestions about our aircraft? Please write to:

BOEING-MCDONNELL DOUGLAS-INSITU Corp.
Marketing Department
Military Aerospace Division
Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada


How do you ask a woman if she’s had an abortion before?

June 8, 2017

Question: How do you ask a woman if she’s had an abortion before?

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I’ll put this very simply: What a woman does with her body is her own business. The ethics of abortion are not at issue here; rather, this is one of privacy and respect. You are asking about the autonomy and dignity of the woman herself.

Pregnancy is not a minor inconvenience. And how a woman chooses to deal with an unwanted pregnancy—it’s accompanying risks, distress and pain—is strictly a personal matter.

When a woman has gained the trust, admiration and respect of her partner, she may choose of her own volition to divulge matters of a highly personal nature. However, unsolicited probing of such intimate details is an insensitive, selfish act. It demonstrates how little regard one has for the emotional and psychological consequences of having the woman relive the experience.

How do you ask a woman if she’s had an abortion before?


How would America and the world be different had RFK not been assassinated?

June 8, 2017

How would America and the world be different had RFK not been assassinated? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Let me explain how I feel about hypothetical questions, especially concerning noted individuals.

In many instances people have an opinion, perhaps a stereotypical one, about a famous person—an actor, businessperson or, in this instance, a politico. Assuming one isn’t working for said politician, one’s opinion of him or her is generally lodged somewhere in the back of one’s mind.

For example, one may believe all conservative politicians are wealthy, bigoted, ethically-challenged zealots. Generally, this belief is buried deep in one’s mind, deeper than one’s more pressing, everyday concerns. Thus the thought does not influence one’s immediate behavior.

But upon hearing a pollster’s hypothetical question challenging the egalitarianism of a conservative politician whose admitted source of news is solely the alt-right media, then one’s opinion of conservatives now moves to the forefront of one’s consciousness, making one even less likely to consider voting for a conservative than before.

Hypothetical questions can be insidious; they can influence one’s thinking and thus one’s behavior, causing one to accept unproven allegations and outright lies over contrary facts and opinions.

You may have your own beliefs about Robert F. Kennedy—a very charismatic figure, borne from an idealistic generation whose veneration of the senator came as much from the death of his brother John as from his own pronouncements on racial inequity and the futility of further participation in the Vietnam Conflict. His denouement was to be felled before reality could intervene.

Washington’s Beltway is notoriously fraught with special and competing interest groups seeking the ear of the president. Those pushing a contrary agenda can miscast the noblest of White House intentions as idiosyncratic zephyrs, ultimately inimical to the public welfare.

In my view, one simply cannot presume that Robert Kennedy could have avoided the lessons proffered by Washington’s power elite, and perhaps the whispers of those forces who foresaw an intractable, 24-year Kennedy-family dynasty as wholly unacceptable.

How would America and the world be different had RFK not been assassinated?


If Oswald wasn’t Kennedy’s assassin, why did he leave the Texas School Book Depository shortly after the assassination without letting an…

June 7, 2017

If Oswald wasn't Kennedy's assassin, why did he leave the Texas School Book Depository shortly after… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

You are under the mistaken impression that no one other than Lee Harvey Oswald left the Texas School Book Depository at the time of President Kennedy’s assassination. The following persons who also worked at TSBD left the building without notifying building supervisor Roy Truly:

  • Danny Arce, 18, left at 1:00 pm, accompanied by the police, to go to City Hall.
  • Carolyn Arnold, 20, left at 12:25 pm and did not return.
  • Virgie Rachley, 18, left at 11:45 am and returned at 12:40 pm but was denied entry.
  • Jack Carson, 56, president of TSBD, left at 12:10 pm and did not return.
  • Betty Drago, 27, left at 12:20 pm but found the door locked when she returned. She stayed outside TSBD until 2:30 pm before going home.
  • Buell Wesley Frazier, 19, famously gave Oswald a lift to work that day. He left TSBD between 1:00 and 2:00 pm, about the same time Truly claims he made his roll call.
  • Charles Givens, 38, returned to TSBD after the shooting but was refused entry by a Dallas policeman. An APB was put out for him, and he was later interviewed at City Hall by Captain Will Fritz. Truly was aware of Given’s absence, having seen him prior to the assassination. Truly also saw Oswald prior to his encounter with him in the second-floor lunchroom. Using that logic, Oswald should have been exonerated as well.
  • Gloria Holt, 18, left at 12:10 pm and did not return.
  • Stella Jacob, 20, left at noon and did not return.
  • Judy Johnson, 20, was standing outside TSBD when the shooting began. She remained in the area until 2:00 pm then went home.
  • Dolores Kounas, 32, left at 12:15 pm and stayed outside until 3:00 pm.
  • Sharon Nelson, 19, left at 12:20 pm and never returned. She lived at 409 East 9th Street, near the site where Officer J.D. Tippit was gunned down.
  • Roberta Parker, 55, left at a time unknown, and said she wasn’t allowed back in until 3:30 pm.
  • Bonnie Richey, 20, left the building at 12:20 pm and never returned.
  • Lloyd Viles, 41, left at 12:15 pm and returned at 2:55 pm.
  • Vida Whatley, 45, left at 12:15 pm to go shopping. She tried to re-enter TSBD at 1:00 pm but was denied entry by the police. She went home.
  • Bonnie Ray Williams, 20, accompanied Arce to the police station at 1:00 pm.

If Oswald wasn't Kennedy's assassin, why did he leave the Texas School Book Depository shortly after the assassination without letting an…


My 7th-Grade Notes to Julius Caesar’s “Gallic Wars”

May 31, 2017

BOOK I:  “Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres…” All Gaul is divided into three parts, but you would not want to visit two of them after dark. Caesar prepares for a military engagement after learning that the Helvetii, having been denied a patent for their typeface font, have been roused to rebellion by Orgetorix, whose stance against weekly bathing is still fought in parts of France to this day.

BOOK II:  Caesar defeats the Belgae in northern Gaul. He orders their ambassadors, Iccius and Antebrogius, to proclaim their allegiance to Rome by line dancing and singing “The Little Nash Rambler.” Publius Crassus, one of Caesar’s commanders, crosses the maritime states of Gaul. Green with envy and seasickness, his second-in-command, Cicero, argues before the Roman Senate that his legions be rewarded for their bravery and sacrifice by giving them a choice of 30 days’ unpaid furlough or free dance lessons at the YMCA. The Senate responds by proclaiming Cicero “Nitwit of the Month.”

BOOK III:  Caesar sends Servius Galba to open a toll road to the Alps. On the way, Servius is attacked by the Seduni and Veragri tribes after it is learned that a speed limit will be imposed. Meanwhile, under the direction of Titurius Sabinus and Publius Crassus, Caesar’s maritime forces, 4,300 strong, defeat the Venelli twins, who had been sneaking out of class during recess to write obscene messages in the sand.

BOOK IV:  Caesar moves into Germany for the first time, whereupon he exclaims “Nimius!” (translation: Outrageous!) after learning of the rent for a studio apartment. The Germans whisper “Er trägt nicht unterwäsche” (translation: He isn’t wearing underwear), and flee across the English Channel into Britain. Caesar also crosses The Channel—something no Roman had ever before done on foot—and defeats the British who, unbeknownst to him, are really the transplanted Germans. Caesar punishes them by sending them into exile in Germany.

BOOK V:  The Nervi attack a Roman encampment during a musical revival of “Gigi.” Cicero holds off the Nervi by having his troops sit in the last available seat each time the music stops. Caesar arrives with reinforcements, including extra pillows and a tape loop of Iron Butterfly’s “In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida.”

BOOK VI:  The shortest of the books in Caesar’s Gallic W–

BOOK VII:  Fourteen Gallic tribes revolt. This comes as a great surprise to Caesar, who heretofore only knew the names of five of them. Under the leadership of Vercingetorix, they battle Caesar at Alesia, where the tribes likely would have defeated the Romans had not the only deli in the area closed for the summer. Caesar returns to Rome where he is approached by his agent to write a book about the war. Caesar learns that his longtime friend Brutus—also known as Bruté, after a heralded stint at Chippendales—had himself been approached to write a similar book, leading to Caesar’s famous exclamation, “Quis sciebant poterat legere et scribere?” (translation: Who knew he could read and write?)


Who killed John Kennedy? Lyndon Johnson, the mafia, weapons sellers or the CIA?

May 30, 2017

Who killed John Kennedy? Lyndon Johnson, the mafia, weapons sellers or the CIA? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Your question presumes theories regarding the assassination of President John F. Kennedy—some plausible, some so far-fetched that they beggar belief.

People looking for quick, easy answers to President Kennedy’s murder overlook the perspicacity researchers and essayists have brought to the fore, particularly the earliest critics like Mark Lane, Sylvia Meagher, Penn Jones Jr. and the essayists whose scathing critiques of the Warren Commission’s report put a little-known, conservative Catholic publication, Ramparts, on the map.

Regardless of whether one accepts the Warren Commission’s conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy, or one believes the House Select Committee on Assassinations who proffered that there was a conspiracy to murder the 35th president, I only suggest that one read the voluminous material written on the subject, particularly the earlier works.

To answer this specific question, however, I will rely on my own analysis in the form of answers to a few of the many questions posed to me on the subject. My response here is lengthy, to be sure; but to ask a serious question on a subject that has flummoxed the public for over half a century, one should at least be prepared to devote some time to the effort.

A) How could Oswald be identified so quickly as a suspect after the Kennedy assassination?

My response: I have answered a question similar to this, If Oswald wasn't Kennedy's assassin, why did he leave the Texas School Book Depository shortly after the assassination without letting anyone know? I shall post that answer below as I feel it applies some perspective to your question as well as refuting some of the answers posted here.

“You are under the mistaken impression that no one other than Lee Harvey Oswald left the Texas School Book Depository at the time of President Kennedy’s assassination. According to the Warren Commission’s own report, the following persons who worked at TSBD also left the building without notifying building supervisor Roy Truly:

  • Danny Arce, 18, left at 1:00 pm, accompanied by the police, to go to City Hall.
  • Carolyn Arnold, 20, left at 12:25 pm and did not return.
  • Virgie Rachley, 18, left at 11:45 am and returned at 12:40 pm but was denied entry.
  • Jack Carson, 56, president of TSBD, left at 12:10 pm and did not return.
  • Betty Drago, 27, left at 12:20 pm but found the door locked when she returned. She stayed outside TSBD until 2:30 pm before going home.
  • Buell Wesley Frazier, 19, famously gave Oswald a lift to work that day. He left TSBD between 1:00 and 2:00 pm, about the same time Truly claims he made his roll call.
  • Charles Givens, 38, returned to TSBD after the shooting but was refused entry by a Dallas policeman. An APB was put out for him, and he was later interviewed at City Hall by Captain Will Fritz. Truly was aware of Given’s absence, having seen him prior to the assassination. Truly also saw Oswald prior to his encounter with him in the second-floor lunchroom. Using that logic, Oswald should have been exonerated as well.
  • Gloria Holt, 18, left at 12:10 pm and did not return.
  • Stella Jacob, 20, left at noon and did not return.
  • Judy Johnson, 20, was standing outside TSBD when the shooting began. She remained in the area until 2:00 pm then went home.
  • Dolores Kounas, 32, left at 12:15 pm and stayed outside until 3:00 pm.
  • Sharon Nelson, 19, left at 12:20 pm and never returned. She lived at 409 East 9th Street, near the site where Officer J.D. Tippit was gunned down.
  • Roberta Parker, 55, left at a time unknown, and said she wasn’t allowed back in until 3:30 pm.
  • Bonnie Richey, 20, left the building at 12:20 pm and never returned.
  • Lloyd Viles, 41, left at 12:15 pm and returned at 2:55 pm.
  • Vida Whatley, 45, left at 12:15 pm to go shopping. She tried to re-enter TSBD at 1:00 pm but was denied entry by the police. She went home.
  • Bonnie Ray Williams, 20, accompanied Arce to the police station at 1:00 pm.”

B) Is the JFK assassination all lies?

My response: I have answered several questions of this ilk. I shall provide two of those questions and my responses to them below.

  • Who assassinated President Kennedy and why?

My answer: Ignore the dogma presented here on Quora. Anytime anyone tells you they have the definitive answer on a subject that has engendered controversy for over half a century, a red flag should go up in your mind.

I answered a similar question, Was the Kennedy assassination a conspiracy? I shall post that answer here and hope it suffices.

“There are many books that have been written on the subject, both pro and con regarding the single assassin theory. Review the findings of the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee on Assassinations; search through scholarly websites, such as the Mary Ferrell Foundation; and especially, search for the earliest works on the assassination—those written from 1965 to 1968—and decide for yourself.”

  • Who were the three tramps that were arrested right after JFK's assassination?

My answer: As an answer to your question, what follows, in part, is the story of Roderick A. MacKenzie. I ask that you tread very carefully here. Read it with a healthy dose of skepticism but also with a mind cognizant of the literature published on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Then decide for yourself.

Roderick A. MacKenzie III, 77, is a former mobster and forger of police and government identification cards; he is also the author of a self-published book, The Men That Don’t Fit In: The Factual History of a Rogues Life from 1934 to 1967 (2010, Now Available – The Men That Don't Fit In (PDF) – Paranoia Magazine), in which he claims he was employed by Chicago Mafia chieftain Sam Giancana to run a Dallas, Texas safehouse on Holland Avenue when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963.

MacKenzie claims he didn’t know The Big Event was going to happen [my words, as the JFK assassination was referred to by CIA contract agent and mercenary Gerry Patrick Hemming] ; yet soon after it did, he realized the “precarious position” he was in. So he disappeared.

MacKenzie also claims that his “handler” was a member of the Defense Intelligence Security Command (DISC), Jake Miranda, who sent him to CIA’s “Flaps and Seals” school at Fort Detrick, Maryland. (The Secrets Inside the CIA's Off-Limits Spy Museum) The school specialized in making phony documents—a skill MacKenzie was already well acquainted.

MacKenzie’s criminal past and connections to organized crime are well documented. He claims to have been employed by Permindex, a Swiss-based company about which the Italian newspaper Paese Sera wrote a story alleging that individuals connected to the company worked for CIA and had been involved with the OAS (Secret Army Organisation) in plots to assassinate French President Charles DeGaulle. [CIA’s only comment on this was to verify that Clay Shaw had volunteered information to the Agency’s Domestic Contacts Division. In the late 1960’s, Shaw had been accused by New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison of having been involved in the assassination of JFK.] (The Lie That Linked CIA to the Kennedy Assassination and Clay Shaw, Perjurer)

MacKenzie claims to have been in the company of Lee Harvey Oswald and David Ferrie, whom he describes as “queers,” and Jack Ruby, whom he was told by Chicago Mobster Johnny Roselli and Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit, was a “switch hitter,” i.e., bisexual.

According to MacKenzie, his role at the safehouse was essentially that of a janitor; he cleaned up the place. By mid-November MacKenzie claims he was told by Roselli to move out of the safehouse to the Cabana Motel for a few weeks, though to come by the safehouse daily to keep it clean.

What MacKenzie claims he later saw at the safehouse was “a war room for an Army.” The place was littered with maps of Cuba, Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, the southwestern United States and Gulf of Mexico area. He assumed a hit on Fidel Castro was forthcoming. He says he never gave a thought to it being a hit on the President, and, in fact, he claims that no one at that time and on his level even knew Kennedy was coming to Dallas. [Odd, since news of President Kennedy’s trip to Dallas had already been widely publicized in the newspapers and on radio and telelvision.]

Around the time of the Pepsi Convention in Dallas on November 21, MacKenzie says he was informed by Roselli that “cleaners” would hit the safe house on the 22nd, and he was told to stay away. The cleaners, MacKenzie explains, “are sent into a situation when it has to be wiped clean of any past, and as often as not those involved in the past of the operation are terminated as well.” After the cleaners accomplished their task at the safehouse, MacKenzie was told by Roselli that he could move back in on November 25th.

“The night of November 21st was a very busy night at the Cabana Motel,” according to MacKenzie.” It was noisy, with many Spanish-speaking people hanging around in the parking lot.” MacKenzie claims he saw Frank Sturgis, aka Frank Fiorini, hitman and future Watergate burglar; Richard Nixon; Sam Giancana; and hitwoman Ruth Ann Martinez emerge from vehicles in parking lot.

MacKenzie describes the JFK hit as “a classic, well thought-out hit by a very large cast of characters.” He explains, “They brought just about everyone who was anyone in the business of nastiness and criminality together to witness or unwittingly be part of it. I was one such person. We were all disposable, as well, and did not know that either.” Following the assassination, MacKenzie spent a day drinking with Malcolm “Mac” Wallace, the man whom he claims “had directed the killing teams for Lyndon B. Johnson and his Texas Mafia with the help of the other Mafia.” MacKenzie describes Wallace as “quite talkative, in a conspirator way.”

MacKenzie went on to identify several individuals purportedly associated with President Kennedy’s assassination as having visited or stayed at the safehoues: Jack Rubenstein (Ruby); Mac Wallace; Corsican assassin Jean Souetre, aka Michel Roux, aka Michel Mertz; Jake Miranda; J.D. Tippit; Percy Chauncey Holt; Charles Harrelson, Charles Rogers and several other French or Corsican hitmen.

MacKenzie claims that the three so-called tramps were Charles Harrelson, Percy Chauncy Holt and Mafia hitman Charles Frederick Rogers. They were an additional hit team positioned under the bridge and above the railroad area in case the president was not shot. He also details the entire command structure and layout of the hit team in Dealy Plaza. This can be found in his book and from a search online.

2) You may get dogmatic responses with the latest simulcra attesting to the single assassin theory, despite the fact that you posited a subjunctive situtation. I hope you will go to the answers that befit your question and do as you like with the others.

Beyond the narrowcasting of those with an agenda, I ask that you look at the findings of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, the second major government investigation of the JFK assassination, after the Warren Commission. Its second Chief Counsel, G. Robert Blakey, and its lead investigator, Gaeton Fonzi, have both reasserted the Committee’s conclusion that “President Kennedy was probably killed as a result of a conspiracy.” (Table of Contents (HSCA, JFK Assassination)

A confluence of organized crime, anti-Castro Cuban exiles and rogue elements of the intelligence community were, according to the HSCA, involved in the plotting, execution and cover-up of President John F. Kennedy’s murder. The release of formerly classified documents by the Assassination Records Review Board reveals that CIA withheld key evidence sought by the Committee (The Assassination Records Review Board Report).

Blakey asserts that CIA obstructed their investigation and withheld crucial information on Lee Harvey Oswald, his activities in New Orleans and in the months before he went to Dallas, and, in particular, Oswald’s attempts to infiltrate an anti-Castro group, the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil or DRE.

Blakey believes a CIA-Mafia plot to kill Cuban leader Fidel Castro was then turned on President Kennedy. The anti-Castroites held tremendous antipathy toward President Kennedy for failing to provide air cover during the failed Bay of Pigs affair (despite warnings from several CIA analysts that the operation was doomed from the start and that there would be no uprising by the Cuban people against Castro).

The Mafia thought they had a deal: their help to get Kennedy elected in exchange for a complaisant Justice Department. The month after the election, though, John Kennedy announced that he was making his brother Robert Attorney General. Speaking from the steps of the Department of Justice, Robert made it clear that he intended to use the office to wage war on organized crime.

By early 1962, using new laws and specialized intelligence, the Attorney General had top gangsters on the run. Three hundred and fifty mobsters were indicted in that year alone, topping the total number from the Appalachia meeting in 1957 through 1961. The Attorney General pressed for the deportation of any mafiosi who could be shown to be illegal aliens; New Orleans Mafia boss Carlos Marcello had been flown out of the country to Guatemala—though he subsequently returned. There were new efforts to expel Mafia underbosses Frank Costello and Johnny Rosselli (THE CLAIMS THAT MAFIA BOSSES TRAFFICANTE AND MARCELLO ADMITTED INVOLVEMENT IN ASSASSINATING PRESIDENT KENNEDY).

Rosselli and Chicago Mafia don Sam Giancana had hoped for special treatment because both had been involved in CIA plots to assassinate Fidel Castro and—as Giancana put it—considered they had been “working for the government.” FBI wiretaps make clear Giancana simmered with rage. After the deal-making of the election—when his efforts had helped deliver Illinois for Kennedy—he felt he had been double crossed.

“The Mob typically doesn’t hit prosecutors or politicians,” said Robert Blakey. “You are all right…just as long as you do not `sleep with them’; that is, you do not take favors, either money or sex. Once the public official crosses the line, he invites violent retribution.” (see: FBI WATCH Making Cruelty visible)

There was a comment Trafficante had made in 1975, while being taped during an FBI surveillance operation. “Now only two people are alive,” the FBI microphone had picked up Trafficante saying—in conversation with Marcello—“who know who killed Kennedy.”

In 1994, Frank Ragano, an attorney who long represented Trafficante, Marcello, and Teamsters union leader Jimmy Hoffa made remarkable claims in a new memoir, “Santo, Carlos, and Jimmy.” He wrote that the three had often spoken of their wish to see both Kennedy brothers dead. In July 1963, Ragano claimed, Hoffa had sent him to New Orleans to ask Trafficante and Marcello to kill the President. When he passed on this message, Ragano wrote, the mobsters’ response led him to think the idea “had already seriously crossed their minds.” (THE CLAIMS THAT MAFIA BOSSES TRAFFICANTE AND MARCELLO ADMITTED INVOLVEMENT IN ASSASSINATING PRESIDENT KENNEDY).

After the assassination, a gleeful Hoffa had supposedly exclaimed, “I told you they could do it. I’ll never forget what Carlos and Santo did for me.” Marcello supposedly said, “When you see Jimmy, you tell him he owes me and he owes me big.”

There is a theory extant that FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover was involved, particularly with regard to the cover-up. I dismiss this theory as I feel the FBI’s unwillingness to investigate the crime is due more to bureaucratic ennui and an effort to conceal former FBI agent Guy Bannister’s involvement—though Hoover’s close associations with known mobsters and right-wing extremists H.L. Hunt and Clint Murchison bear more than passing scrutiny.

The notion of the far right-wing’s imvolvement has been considered. Racists with ties to the militant right-wing groups the Minutemen and the John Birch Society, like Joseph Milteer, whose prediction of the precise scenario in which President Kennedy would be murdered was captured on a police intelligence surveillance tape (Joseph Milteer — Foreknowledge of the JFK Assassination?); General Edwin Walker, whom Robert Kennedy forced to resign from the Army (Did Lee Harvey Oswald Shoot at General Edwin Walker?); and oil barons like H. L. Hunt and Clint Murchison, who stood to lose millions of dollars with Kennedy’s proposed removal of the oil depletion allowance, have also been implicated. (see: Oil Depletion Allowance)

It is plausible that fascist individuals or groups may have had advance knowledge of the assassination, but there is no evidence directly linking them to the shooting.

As for whether Oswald was in that sniper’s nest on the sixth floor of the Texas Schoolbook Depository, I will offer just these five items from both the Warren Commission’s report or hearings, and that of the HSCA:

  • The rifle contained no identifiable fingerprints, WCH, vol.4, p.258.
  • Of the 19 book cartons by the window in the south–east corner of the sixth floor, only two contained Oswald’s fingerprints or palmprints, and only one of those prints had been deposited within three days of the assassination, WCR, pp.138–144 [emphasis mine].
  • One palmprint remained unidentified, and presumably belonged to an employee or assassin who was not Oswald, WCH, vol.26, p.799. Note: This print was later compared to a 1951 print of Malcolm Wallace, a Lyndon Johnson associate. A 14-point match by latent print examiner Nathan Darby confirmed the print belonged to Wallace.
  • Arnold Rowland saw two men on the sixth floor of the TSBD at about the same time as Carolyn Arnold saw Oswald elsewhere in the building, WCH, vol.2. p.171.
  • And finally, Joseph Milteer’s prediction that Kennedy would be shot “from an office building with a high–powered rifle … they will pick up somebody within hours afterwards … just to throw the public off,” HSCA, appendix vol.3, p447.

C) Technically, are any shooters seen in the footage of John F. Kennedy’s assassination?

My response: The answer provided by Ms. Stockton is incorrect. There were several home movie films of the assassination and the immediate aftermath in Dealey Plaza. Here are the names of the people who shot those films:

  • Abraham Zapruder
  • Marie Muchmore
  • Orville Nix
  • Mark Bell
  • Robert Hughes
  • Charles Bronson
  • Malcolm Couch
  • Dave Wiegman, Jr.
  • Jack Daniel (shot as the president’s limousine sped away from Dealey Plaza)
  • Jack Martin
  • Tom Alyea (shot as officers searched the sixth floor of TSBD)

Many of the films can be seen on the Mary Ferrell Foundation website(1). The others may be found on YouTube.

Several researches have parse these films and obtained images, reflections and stills that are of note. Watch them and decide for yourself.

(1) Main Page

D) What is the true story behind the death of President John F. Kennedy?

My response: I have answered many questions on this subject. At this time, I shall only make four points:

  1. Be wary of anyone who avers that they have the definitive answer on this conundrum. Two government investigations into the murder of President John F. Kennedy have reached far different conclusions.
  2. Over the past two generations, dozens of books and articles have been written on the subject. I suggest that you first search out the earliest works, 1965 through 1970, as they are without revisionism. In particular, read the articles written in Ramparts, a 1960’s literary quarterly written for “the mature American Catholic.”(1) The contributors to this small magazine were among the first to question the Warren Commission Report with a solemn and scholarly approach.
  3. As I have stated, I have attempted to answer various forms of this question on Quora. Read my answers as well as proponents and critics of both the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  4. Come to your own conclusions.

(1) Books of The Times

Who killed John Kennedy? Lyndon Johnson, the mafia, weapons sellers or the CIA?


Is UFO secrecy a defense issue or an economic issue?

May 29, 2017

Is UFO secrecy a defense issue or an economic issue? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

My apologies for sounding glib, but the answer is both and neither of the two, depending upon which hole of the UFO fence you peek through.

If by UFO you do not mean extraterrestrial craft and are referring to unidentified aerial phenomena that will eventually become identified, then the arguments center around a) defense, i.e., the intrusion of and control over one’s own airspace, and b) the possibility that an alternative source of propulsion, zero-point energy or an anti-gravity mechanism, has been developed that could replace fossil fuels, much to the consternation of energy companies who foresee the loss of billions of dollars in profits.

On the other hand, if you presuppose that the skies are being frequented by intelligently-controlled craft that defy current description and are not of this time and/or space, then one must consider one of two possible scenarios:

  1. As physicist Stephen Hawking warned, “intelligent aliens may be rapacious marauders, roaming the cosmos in search of resources to plunder and planets to conquer and colonize.” (1|2)
  2. In 1960 NASA asked the Brookings Institute to study the social, economic, political, legal, and international implications of the use of space for peaceful and scientific purposes. Brookings issued a report, Proposed Studies on the Implications of Peaceful Space Activities for Human Affairs, by Donald N. Michael, that postulated on the response of the American people should there be contact with extraterrestrials or evidence of their existence, such as structures on the moon. The Report advised the government to withhold any evidence of extraterrestrial contact from the public.

(1) Stephen Hawking Is Still Afraid of Aliens
(2) Stephen Hawking's chilling warning for humanity
(3) http://www.nicap.org/papers/broo…

Is UFO secrecy a defense issue or an economic issue?


Why was KGB dissolved?

May 29, 2017

Why was KGB dissolved? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

In retrospect, following the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR) and the emergence of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), it appears that the quick dissolution of the KGB was a tactic designed by then-Premier Mikhail Gorbachev to quell the growing Russian public’s distaste of the intelligence organization—a distaste that could well have led to rioting and the seizure of KGB files. (1)

(1) KGB

Why was KGB dissolved?


Why does Stephen Hawking assume that aliens who make contact with earth will be hostile?

May 27, 2017

Why does Stephen Hawking assume that aliens who make contact with earth will be hostile? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I answered a similar question, Why did Hawking warn us not to touch the aliens? I’ll post that answer below as I feel it suffices.

Your assumptions regarding the intentions of extraterrestrial life roaming the universe are not the consensus among scientists who explore the cosmos. In 2010, Stephen Hawking warned against contact with extraterrestrials, stating that “intelligent aliens may be rapacious marauders, roaming the cosmos in search of resources to plunder and planets to conquer and colonize.” (1|2)

As an answer to a similar question, “What do you think about Hawking’s and others’ statement that aliens could be a serious threat for us?” I responded with the following:

“Every time I step on an anthill or ask my local pest remover to rid the house of a hornet’s nest, I have become an alien venturing into their world, showing my disdain and discomfort for them as they intrude into my space—regardless of whether or not their residence preceded my own.”

(1) Stephen Hawking Is Still Afraid of Aliens
(2) Stephen Hawking's chilling warning for humanity

Why does Stephen Hawking assume that aliens who make contact with earth will be hostile?


What is the best way to deal with hackers if you feel they are a threat to your family and community?

May 26, 2017

What is the best way to deal with hackers if you feel they are a threat to your family and community? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

When asked by a curious reporter why he kept robbing banks, “Slick” Willie Sutton responded curtly: “Because that’s where the money is.”(1) Exploiting weaknesses in security, Sutton and other Depression-Era bank robbers achieved infamy by targeting the very institutions who, as perceived by many Americans, were the architects of the financial collapse.

Hackers remind me of these marauders. They achieve notoriety by exploiting weaknesses in cyber security and human frailty, i.e., by targeting people who have committed their entire lives—personal data—to the internet. Hollywood then glamorizes their exploits, ameliorating the devastating economic and emotional pain these hoodlums inflict upon their victims by focusing on the sophistication of the perpetrators’ methods.

An individual alone is powerless against the strategic, persistent intrusions conducted by organized crime and state-sponsored hackers. The simple truth is every publicized data breach only serves to underscore how far private industry and the government lag behind the technical expertise of these cyber criminals.

These data breaches also reveal one other factor: a lack of peer review necessary to identify and close the holes and backdoors left open by software developers. The exigency to develop new software and bring it to market (read: profits) can preclude a long, methodical, intense scrutiny of the software by one’s peers in favor of one far more expedient. Thus one sees the continual stream of software updates. Companies first attempt to explain them away as improvements designed to increase the efficacy of the application. But a closer examination of the accompanying technical notes reveals the security risks these updates are intended to ameliorate.

Your role as an individual combatant in this tech war is limited.

  • You can keep your software—your favorite applications, the web browser—patched with the latest security updates, a daily task;
  • Install security software on your personal computing device;
  • Change your password.

I could suggest that one limit one’s interactions over the internet but that genie is already out of the bottle. For too many people the internet is akin to television in its golden age; it is an addiction, changing one’s behavior to suit the technology.

Ultimately, it is the responsibility of law enforcement and those companies and agencies who collect and maintain our personal data to insure its security. Vigilance, stricter peer review of software programs and more severe criminal penalties are the trident necessary to thwart cyber criminals.

(1) History of Bank Robberies – Crime Museum

What is the best way to deal with hackers if you feel they are a threat to your family and community?


Why did the CIA try to have Lynnae Williams institutionalized?

May 25, 2017

Why did the CIA try to have Lynnae Williams institutionalized? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

According to Ms. Williams’ own account, CIA referred her Dominion Hospital, a public mental-health facility in northern Virginia, where she spent one night, having been signed out of the facility by her parents, and five days as an outpatient.(1)

On October 27, 2009, a colleague reported her to CIA security for what Ms. Williams herself describes as "bizarre and inappropriate behavior," such as looking on classified computers for information about herself and telling colleagues that she was being followed.(2)

Williams, who has admitted to suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder, “had a meeting with a CIA psychiatrist that day, who ordered her to take a medical exam, with urine samples, and inquired about her self-acknowledged attention deficit disorder. ‘She asked me about my family’s mental-health history,’ Williams says of the CIA psychiatrist. ‘My aunt has schizophrenia—I did not tell her that.’ Later that evening, Williams had an auto accident and says she was cited by Washington, D.C., police for leaving the scene. After that, Williams says, the CIA ordered her to Dominion Hospital.”(3)

Ms. Williams is pursuing legal redress against CIA for wrongful termination, She mentions on her Twitter account that the American Civil Liberties Union has declined to take up her case.

(1) Lynnae Williams: The CIA Spy Who Tweets
(2) Ibid.
(3) Ibid.

Why did the CIA try to have Lynnae Williams institutionalized?


Was Clay Shaw Clay/Clem Bertrand?

May 25, 2017

Was Clay Shaw Clay/Clem Bertrand? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Below is a copy of an article in the New Orleans States-Item of July 30, 1968, in which Clay Shaw lists his alias, “Clay Bertrand.”

http://jfk.hood.edu/Collection/W…

Was Clay Shaw Clay/Clem Bertrand?


What is an example of a plutocracy?

May 25, 2017

What is an example of a plutocracy? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Bradford DeLong, professor of Economics at the University of California, Berkeley, argues that, since 1980, inequality has expanded greatly along two dimensions. First is the gap between the top 20 percent and the bottom 80 percent of the income distribution, which has grown rapidly along with the returns on a college education. The second is “an even larger explosion of inequality” between the top .01 percent (about 15,000 households) and the rest of the top 20 percent, “perhaps the most puzzling and remarkable feature of the past generation.” This development “puts the American political system under substantial long-term threat,” as the kind of concentrated political power associated with such imbalanced wealth endangers a “democratic commitment to equality of opportunity” for future generations.(1)

DeLong also expressed concern at the generalization of this latter trend across nations, asking whether a “plutocratic overclass” is being generated, not just in the United States, but as a global phenomenon in many countries. This increasing concentration of wealth within nation-states allows an internationally oriented economic elite "to speak very loudly indeed" and may foreclose possibilities for the more robust reemergence of a pro-equality politics.(2)

In the U.S., this plutocracy has emerged due to the decline of American educational supremacy, a “less progressive” tax and transfer system, and a cultural and socio-political transformation that has rendered acceptable elite corporate practices that would have yielded a sharp response from organized labor and the wider society in earlier eras.

(1) INEQUALITY: The New Plutocrats
(2) Ibid.

What is an example of a plutocracy?


How could Oswald be identified so quickly as a suspect after the Kennedy assassination?

May 24, 2017

How could Oswald be identified so quickly as a suspect after the Kennedy assassination? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I have answered a question similar to this, If Oswald wasn't Kennedy's assassin, why did he leave the Texas School Book Depository shortly after the assassination without letting anyone know? I shall post that answer below as I feel it applies some perspective to your question as well as refuting some of the answers posted here.

“You are under the mistaken impression that no one other than Lee Harvey Oswald left the Texas School Book Depository at the time of President Kennedy’s assassination. According to the Warren Commission’s own report, the following persons who worked at TSBD also left the building without notifying building supervisor Roy Truly:

  • Danny Arce, 18, left at 1:00 pm, accompanied by the police, to go to City Hall.
  • Carolyn Arnold, 20, left at 12:25 pm and did not return.
  • Virgie Rachley, 18, left at 11:45 am and returned at 12:40 pm but was denied entry.
  • Jack Carson, 56, president of TSBD, left at 12:10 pm and did not return.
  • Betty Drago, 27, left at 12:20 pm but found the door locked when she returned. She stayed outside TSBD until 2:30 pm before going home.
  • Buell Wesley Frazier, 19, famously gave Oswald a lift to work that day. He left TSBD between 1:00 and 2:00 pm, about the same time Truly claims he made his roll call.
  • Charles Givens, 38, returned to TSBD after the shooting but was refused entry by a Dallas policeman. An APB was put out for him, and he was later interviewed at City Hall by Captain Will Fritz. Truly was aware of Given’s absence, having seen him prior to the assassination. Truly also saw Oswald prior to his encounter with him in the second-floor lunchroom. Using that logic, Oswald should have been exonerated as well.
  • Gloria Holt, 18, left at 12:10 pm and did not return.
  • Stella Jacob, 20, left at noon and did not return.
  • Judy Johnson, 20, was standing outside TSBD when the shooting began. She remained in the area until 2:00 pm then went home.
  • Dolores Kounas, 32, left at 12:15 pm and stayed outside until 3:00 pm.
  • Sharon Nelson, 19, left at 12:20 pm and never returned. She lived at 409 East 9th Street, near the site where Officer J.D. Tippit was gunned down.
  • Roberta Parker, 55, left at a time unknown, and said she wasn’t allowed back in until 3:30 pm.
  • Bonnie Richey, 20, left the building at 12:20 pm and never returned.
  • Lloyd Viles, 41, left at 12:15 pm and returned at 2:55 pm.
  • Vida Whatley, 45, left at 12:15 pm to go shopping. She tried to re-enter TSBD at 1:00 pm but was denied entry by the police. She went home.
  • Bonnie Ray Williams, 20, accompanied Arce to the police station at 1:00 pm.”

How could Oswald be identified so quickly as a suspect after the Kennedy assassination?


My ancestors were slave traders. Should this affect me in any way?

May 20, 2017

My ancestors were slave traders. Should this affect me in any way? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Mireille Fanon Mendes-France, chairwoman of a United Nations panel of human rights activists, draws parallels between police killings of Blacks in the United States and the racist lynchings that occurred in the South until the civil rights era.

Contemporary police killings and the trauma it creates are reminiscent of the racial terror lynchings in the past," Mendes-France told reporters. "Impunity for state violence has resulted in the current human rights crisis and must be addressed as a matter of urgency.”(1)

That same panel has urged the United States’ government to pay reparations to the descendants of Africans who were brought to the U.S. as slaves. There are some specious, contrary arguments that the ancestors of Whites forcibly conscripted to work for Barbary pirates should also be compensated. Nonsense.

My suggestion to you is this: If you feel moved to make amends for the transgressions of your ancestors, then act for social change; raise your voice in favor of a more just, egalitarian society and decry intolerance and bigotry wherever it raises its ugly head.

(1) UN committee urges US government to pay reparations for slavery

My ancestors were slave traders. Should this affect me in any way?


Why hasn’t anyone actually gone onto the Black Knight satellite or sent a drone?

May 19, 2017

Why hasn't anyone actually gone onto the Black Knight satellite or sent a drone? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I have already answered a question about the supposed Black Knight satellite, What exactly is the Black Knight Satellite? I will post my answer below, as I feel it suffices here.

“According to the U.K. tabloid the Express, a YouTube user named NUA appears to have successfully debunked the 1998 NASA photographs of the so-called “Black Knight” satellite.

While many ufologists have claimed that the Black Knight is one of the most convincing pieces of evidence for the existence of intelligent extraterrestrial life for the past 17 years, with some even claiming that it has orbited the Earth for at least 13,000 years, NUA claims to have conclusively proven that the “Black Knight,” as photographed in 1998 NASA images, was nothing more than a satellite thermal blanket lost by the crew of the Endeavor space shuttle as they worked on developing the International Space Station (ISS).

In NUA’s video, the YouTube user uses NASA footage of the Endeavor mission which shows a thermal blanket on the ISS. The same blanket is then seen being dropped by the crew as it tumbles away into space. NUA highlights the blanket as being exactly the same shape as the “Black Knight” satellite in the 1998 pictures seized on by conspiracists and explains that the object only appeared to change shape because it was turning as it fell away.

After releasing the pictures in 1998, NASA had said that the object was indeed a thermal blanket. But this did not, and has not, stopped a wave of speculation that a cover-up was underway.”

Why hasn't anyone actually gone onto the Black Knight satellite or sent a drone?


What is the difference between bulk collection and bulk surveillance?

May 19, 2017

What is the difference between bulk collection and bulk surveillance? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

With regard to GCHQ specifically, Paul Bernal, Lecturer in Information Technology, Intellectual Property and Media Law at the UK's University of East Anglia, states:

“Precisely what constitutes surveillance is far from agreed. In the context of the internet (and other digital data surveillance) there are, very broadly speaking, three stages: the gathering or collecting of data, the automated analysis of the data (including algorithmic filtering), and then the 'human' examination of the results of that analysis of filtering. This is where the difference lies: privacy advocates and others might argue that the 'surveillance' happens at the first stage—when the data is gathered or collected—while [former GCHQ directors]Theresa May and David Omand, and those who work for them, would be more likely to argue that it happens at the third stage, ([.e.,] when human beings are involved.”(1)

In other words, if surveillance occurs through the act of gathering personal data on a large scale, then clearly what the U.K. government is doing is is mass surveillance. However, if surveillance only occurs when a human operator looks at some of the gathered data, then, according to Theresa May, what the U.K. government is engaged in is not mass surveillance, because relatively little personal data is scrutinized in this way.(2)

(1) What's The Difference Between 'Mass Surveillance' And 'Bulk Collection'? Does It Matter?
(2) Ibid.

What is the difference between bulk collection and bulk surveillance?


Why did Stephen Hawking​ warned us to stop reaching out to aliens?

May 19, 2017

Why did Stephen Hawking​ warned us to stop reaching out to aliens? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I answered a similar question, Why did Hawking warn us not to touch the aliens? I’ll post that answer below, as I feel it suffices.

Your assumptions regarding the intentions of extraterrestrial life roaming the universe are not the consensus among scientists who explore the cosmos. In 2010, Stephen Hawking warned against contact with extraterrestrials, stating that “intelligent aliens may be rapacious marauders, roaming the cosmos in search of resources to plunder and planets to conquer and colonize.” (1|2)

As an answer to a similar question, “What do you think about Hawking’s and others’ statement that aliens could be a serious threat for us?” I responded with the following:

“Every time I step on an anthill or ask my local pest remover to rid the house of a hornet’s nest, I have become an alien venturing into their world, showing my disdain and discomfort for them as they intrude into my space—regardless of whether or not their residence preceded my own.”

(1) Stephen Hawking Is Still Afraid of Aliens
(2) Stephen Hawking's chilling warning for humanity

Why did Stephen Hawking​ warned us to stop reaching out to aliens?


What is the name of China’s intelligence agency?

May 17, 2017

What is the name of China's intelligence agency? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

You could easily find this information on any search engine (see footnote). If you are interested in an analysis of China’s intelligence agencies, here is an excellent article: https://www.cia.gov/library/cent…

(1) List of intelligence agencies – Wikipedia

What is the name of China's intelligence agency?


Are Russia’s FSB and SVR still formidable like their predecessor, the KGB?

May 17, 2017

Are Russia's FSB and SVR still formidable like their predecessor, the KGB? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

The only difference between the KGB and its successor agencies is the alphabet soup of their names.

Are Russia's FSB and SVR still formidable like their predecessor, the KGB?


How can we be sure that the JFK reports that will be released on 26 October 2017 are not altered and are original?

May 17, 2017

How can we be sure that the JFK reports that will be released on 26 October 2017 are not altered and… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

In the case of sanitized documents(1), i.e., where metadata—sensitive information—has been removed or redacted, one can be fairly certain that one is seeing an original work.

On the other hand, documents that appear unaltered will always incur suspicion of disinformation.

(1) https://fas.org/sgp/othergov/dod…

How can we be sure that the JFK reports that will be released on 26 October 2017 are not altered and are original?


Should I join the army then transfer to the CIA, or just go right in and hope that I make it?

May 17, 2017

Should I join the army then transfer to the CIA, or just go right in and hope that I make it? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

You do not “transfer” into CIA; one may be recruited or one may apply for employment. As I have stated before, the more well-rounded your education, the better qualified you become for service in any intelligence agency.

Should I join the army then transfer to the CIA, or just go right in and hope that I make it?


What are some good spy movies like The Man from Uncle?

May 17, 2017

What are some good spy movies like The Man from Uncle? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

When it comes to matters of believability, “The Man from U.N.C.L.E.” has more in common with “Pinocchio” than the realm of espionage. For more accurate portrayals of spies, I suggest you watch two films made from novels by John le Carré: “The Spy Who Came in from the Cold” and “Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy.”

What are some good spy movies like The Man from Uncle?


When can the CIA act on US soil and what are some examples?

May 15, 2017

When can the CIA act on US soil and what are some examples? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

CIA’s charter does not allow it to act within the United States. That being said, Domestic Contact Services does query some Americans returning from abroad. However, there have been operations that have been conducted on U.S. soil.

One of CIA’s more infamous and well-known domestic activities was Operation BLUEBIRD, later MK-ULTRA then MK-SEARCH and finally MK-BURN (1). BLUEBIRD began as a response to a perception that Russia had developed mind-control programs. Dr. Willard Machle, the first director of the Agency’s Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI), was on a visit to West Berlin to observe interrogation of captured KGB spies by West Germany’s Federal Intelligence Service, Bundesnachrichtendienst or BND.

The BND were using former Nazi scientists whose methods of interrogation included behavior modification—mind-altering drugs, sleep deprivation, hypnosis and pain. Machle wondered how U.S. spies would hold up against harsh interrogation. He coupled this with an interest in developing a “Manchurian candidate,” and thus Operation BLUEBIRD was born.(2)

Bluebird became MK-ULTRA, 130 programs in behavior modification conducted in state prisons, hospitals, universities and safe houses.(3) OSI conducted experiments using psychotropic drugs, electroshock therapy, psycho-surgery, hypnosis and sleep deprivation on unwitting convicts, patients suffering from mild depression, university professors and their students. Some Underworld figures were lured into safe houses across the country by prostitutes paid by CIA . They were seduced with sex and surreptitiously given LSD. CIA officers participating in the program would even slip LSD into the drinks of fellow officers.(4)

In a letter to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, former Director of Central Intelligence Stansfield Turner admitted the Agency had paid private institutions to use their facilities and that unwitting subjects had been used in the experiments. Turner also said that most of the records on the Agency’s mind-control projects had been destroyed.(5)

To date, there is no count of the total number of lives destroyed by these programs.

(1) https://www.cia.gov/library/read…
(2) https://www.cia.gov/library/cent…
(3) https://www.cia.gov/library/read…
(4) https://www.cia.gov/library/read…
(5) https://www.cia.gov/library/read…

When can the CIA act on US soil and what are some examples?


What would a person be trying to convey by punching their palm with their fist and looking at you according to body language?

May 13, 2017

What would a person be trying to convey by punching their palm with their fist and looking at you ac… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

They may well be contemplating replacing their palm with your face.

What would a person be trying to convey by punching their palm with their fist and looking at you according to body language?


Is the JFK assassination all lies?

May 13, 2017

Is the JFK assassination all lies? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I have answered several questions of this ilk. I shall provide two of those questions and my responses to them below.

A) Who assassinated President Kennedy and why?

Answer: Ignore the dogma presented here on Quora. Anytime anyone tells you they have the definitive answer on a subject that has engendered controversy for over half a century, a red flag should go up in your mind.

I answered a similar question, Was the Kennedy assassination a conspiracy? I shall post that answer here and hope it suffices.

“There are many books that have been written on the subject, both pro and con regarding the single assassin theory. Review the findings of the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee on Assassinations; search through scholarly websites, such as the Mary Ferrell Foundation; and especially, search for the earliest works on the assassination—those written from 1965 to 1968—and decide for yourself.”

B) Who were the three tramps that were arrested right after JFK's assassination?

Answer: As an answer to your question, what follows, in part, is the story of Roderick A. MacKenzie. I ask that you tread very carefully here. Read it with a healthy dose of skepticism but also with a mind cognizant of the literature published on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Then decide for yourself.

Roderick A. MacKenzie III, 77, is a former mobster and forger of police and government identification cards; he is also the author of a self-published book, The Men That Don’t Fit In: The Factual History of a Rogues Life from 1934 to 1967 (2010, Now Available – The Men That Don't Fit In (PDF) – Paranoia Magazine), in which he claims he was employed by Chicago Mafia chieftain Sam Giancana to run a Dallas, Texas safehouse on Holland Avenue when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963.

MacKenzie claims he didn’t know The Big Event was going to happen [my words, as the JFK assassination was referred to by CIA contract agent and mercenary Gerry Patrick Hemming] ; yet soon after it did, he realized the “precarious position” he was in. So he disappeared.

MacKenzie also claims that his “handler” was a member of the Defense Intelligence Security Command (DISC), Jake Miranda, who sent him to CIA’s “Flaps and Seals” school at Fort Detrick, Maryland. (The Secrets Inside the CIA's Off-Limits Spy Museum) The school specialized in making phony documents—a skill MacKenzie was already well acquainted.

MacKenzie’s criminal past and connections to organized crime are well documented. He claims to have been employed by Permindex, a Swiss-based company about which the Italian newspaper Paese Sera wrote a story alleging that individuals connected to the company worked for CIA and had been involved with the OAS (Secret Army Organisation) in plots to assassinate French President Charles DeGaulle. [CIA’s only comment on this was to verify that Clay Shaw had volunteered information to the Agency’s Domestic Contacts Division. In the late 1960’s, Shaw had been accused by New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison of having been involved in the assassination of JFK.] (The Lie That Linked CIA to the Kennedy Assassination and Clay Shaw, Perjurer)

MacKenzie claims to have been in the company of Lee Harvey Oswald and David Ferrie, whom he describes as “queers,” and Jack Ruby, whom he was told by Chicago Mobster Johnny Roselli and Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit, was a “switch hitter,” i.e., bisexual.

According to MacKenzie, his role at the safehouse was essentially that of a janitor; he cleaned up the place. By mid-November MacKenzie claims he was told by Roselli to move out of the safehouse to the Cabana Motel for a few weeks, though to come by the safehouse daily to keep it clean.

What MacKenzie claims he later saw at the safehouse was “a war room for an Army.” The place was littered with maps of Cuba, Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, the southwestern United States and Gulf of Mexico area. He assumed a hit on Fidel Castro was forthcoming. He says he never gave a thought to it being a hit on the President, and, in fact, he claims that no one at that time and on his level even knew Kennedy was coming to Dallas. [Odd, since news of President Kennedy’s trip to Dallas had already been widely publicized in the newspapers and on radio and telelvision.]

Around the time of the Pepsi Convention in Dallas on November 21, MacKenzie says he was informed by Roselli that “cleaners” would hit the safe house on the 22nd, and he was told to stay away. The cleaners, MacKenzie explains, “are sent into a situation when it has to be wiped clean of any past, and as often as not those involved in the past of the operation are terminated as well.” After the cleaners accomplished their task at the safehouse, MacKenzie was told by Roselli that he could move back in on November 25th.

“The night of November 21st was a very busy night at the Cabana Motel,” according to MacKenzie.” It was noisy, with many Spanish-speaking people hanging around in the parking lot.” MacKenzie claims he saw Frank Sturgis, aka Frank Fiorini, hitman and future Watergate burglar; Richard Nixon; Sam Giancana; and hitwoman Ruth Ann Martinez emerge from vehicles in parking lot.

MacKenzie describes the JFK hit as “a classic, well thought-out hit by a very large cast of characters.” He explains, “They brought just about everyone who was anyone in the business of nastiness and criminality together to witness or unwittingly be part of it. I was one such person. We were all disposable, as well, and did not know that either.” Following the assassination, MacKenzie spent a day drinking with Malcolm “Mac” Wallace, the man whom he claims “had directed the killing teams for Lyndon B. Johnson and his Texas Mafia with the help of the other Mafia.” MacKenzie describes Wallace as “quite talkative, in a conspirator way.”

MacKenzie went on to identify several individuals purportedly associated with President Kennedy’s assassination as having visited or stayed at the safehoues: Jack Rubenstein (Ruby); Mac Wallace; Corsican assassin Jean Souetre, aka Michel Roux, aka Michel Mertz; Jake Miranda; J.D. Tippit; Percy Chauncey Holt; Charles Harrelson, Charles Rogers and several other French or Corsican hitmen.

MacKenzie claims that the three so-called tramps were Charles Harrelson, Percy Chauncy Holt and Mafia hitman Charles Frederick Rogers. They were an additional hit team positioned under the bridge and above the railroad area in case the president was not shot. He also details the entire command structure and layout of the hit team in Dealy Plaza. This can be found in his book and from a search online.

2) You may get dogmatic responses with the latest simulcra attesting to the single assassin theory, despite the fact that you posited a subjunctive situtation. I hope you will go to the answers that befit your question and do as you like with the others.

Beyond the narrowcasting of those with an agenda, I ask that you look at the findings of the House Select Committee on Assassinations, the second major government investigation of the JFK assassination, after the Warren Commission. Its second Chief Counsel, G. Robert Blakey, and its lead investigator, Gaeton Fonzi, have both reasserted the Committee’s conclusion that “President Kennedy was probably killed as a result of a conspiracy.” (Table of Contents (HSCA, JFK Assassination)

A confluence of organized crime, anti-Castro Cuban exiles and rogue elements of the intelligence community were, according to the HSCA, involved in the plotting, execution and cover-up of President John F. Kennedy’s murder. The release of formerly classified documents by the Assassination Records Review Board reveals that CIA withheld key evidence sought by the Committee (The Assassination Records Review Board Report).

Blakey asserts that CIA obstructed their investigation and withheld crucial information on Lee Harvey Oswald, his activities in New Orleans and in the months before he went to Dallas, and, in particular, Oswald’s attempts to infiltrate an anti-Castro group, the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil or DRE.

Blakey believes a CIA-Mafia plot to kill Cuban leader Fidel Castro was then turned on President Kennedy. The anti-Castroites held tremendous antipathy toward President Kennedy for failing to provide air cover during the failed Bay of Pigs affair (despite warnings from several CIA analysts that the operation was doomed from the start and that there would be no uprising by the Cuban people against Castro).

The Mafia thought they had a deal: their help to get Kennedy elected in exchange for a complaisant Justice Department. The month after the election, though, John Kennedy announced that he was making his brother Robert Attorney General. Speaking from the steps of the Department of Justice, Robert made it clear that he intended to use the office to wage war on organized crime.

By early 1962, using new laws and specialized intelligence, the Attorney General had top gangsters on the run. Three hundred and fifty mobsters were indicted in that year alone, topping the total number from the Appalachia meeting in 1957 through 1961. The Attorney General pressed for the deportation of any mafiosi who could be shown to be illegal aliens; New Orleans Mafia boss Carlos Marcello had been flown out of the country to Guatemala—though he subsequently returned. There were new efforts to expel Mafia underbosses Frank Costello and Johnny Rosselli (THE CLAIMS THAT MAFIA BOSSES TRAFFICANTE AND MARCELLO ADMITTED INVOLVEMENT IN ASSASSINATING PRESIDENT KENNEDY).

Rosselli and Chicago Mafia don Sam Giancana had hoped for special treatment because both had been involved in CIA plots to assassinate Fidel Castro and—as Giancana put it—considered they had been “working for the government.” FBI wiretaps make clear Giancana simmered with rage. After the deal-making of the election—when his efforts had helped deliver Illinois for Kennedy—he felt he had been double crossed.

“The Mob typically doesn’t hit prosecutors or politicians,” said Robert Blakey. “You are all right…just as long as you do not `sleep with them’; that is, you do not take favors, either money or sex. Once the public official crosses the line, he invites violent retribution.” (see: FBI WATCH Making Cruelty visible)

There was a comment Trafficante had made in 1975, while being taped during an FBI surveillance operation. “Now only two people are alive,” the FBI microphone had picked up Trafficante saying—in conversation with Marcello—“who know who killed Kennedy.”

In 1994, Frank Ragano, an attorney who long represented Trafficante, Marcello, and Teamsters union leader Jimmy Hoffa made remarkable claims in a new memoir, “Santo, Carlos, and Jimmy.” He wrote that the three had often spoken of their wish to see both Kennedy brothers dead. In July 1963, Ragano claimed, Hoffa had sent him to New Orleans to ask Trafficante and Marcello to kill the President. When he passed on this message, Ragano wrote, the mobsters’ response led him to think the idea “had already seriously crossed their minds.” (THE CLAIMS THAT MAFIA BOSSES TRAFFICANTE AND MARCELLO ADMITTED INVOLVEMENT IN ASSASSINATING PRESIDENT KENNEDY).

After the assassination, a gleeful Hoffa had supposedly exclaimed, “I told you they could do it. I’ll never forget what Carlos and Santo did for me.” Marcello supposedly said, “When you see Jimmy, you tell him he owes me and he owes me big.”

There is a theory extant that FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover was involved, particularly with regard to the cover-up. I dismiss this theory as I feel the FBI’s unwillingness to investigate the crime is due more to bureaucratic ennui and an effort to conceal former FBI agent Guy Bannister’s involvement—though Hoover’s close associations with known mobsters and right-wing extremists H.L. Hunt and Clint Murchison bear more than passing scrutiny.

The notion of the far right-wing’s imvolvement has been considered. Racists with ties to the militant right-wing groups the Minutemen and the John Birch Society, like Joseph Milteer, whose prediction of the precise scenario in which President Kennedy would be murdered was captured on a police intelligence surveillance tape (Joseph Milteer — Foreknowledge of the JFK Assassination?); General Edwin Walker, whom Robert Kennedy forced to resign from the Army (Did Lee Harvey Oswald Shoot at General Edwin Walker?); and oil barons like H. L. Hunt and Clint Murchison, who stood to lose millions of dollars with Kennedy’s proposed removal of the oil depletion allowance, have also been implicated. (see: Oil Depletion Allowance)

It is plausible that fascist individuals or groups may have had advance knowledge of the assassination, but there is no evidence directly linking them to the shooting.

As for whether Oswald was in that sniper’s nest on the sixth floor of the Texas Schoolbook Depository, I will offer just these five items from both the Warren Commission’s report or hearings, and that of the HSCA:

  • The rifle contained no identifiable fingerprints, WCH, vol.4, p.258.
  • Of the 19 book cartons by the window in the south–east corner of the sixth floor, only two contained Oswald’s fingerprints or palmprints, and only one of those prints had been deposited within three days of the assassination, WCR, pp.138–144 [emphasis mine].
  • One palmprint remained unidentified, and presumably belonged to an employee or assassin who was not Oswald, WCH, vol.26, p.799. Note: This print was later compared to a 1951 print of Malcolm Wallace, a Lyndon Johnson associate. A 14-point match by latent print examiner Nathan Darby confirmed the print belonged to Wallace.
  • Arnold Rowland saw two men on the sixth floor of the TSBD at about the same time as Carolyn Arnold saw Oswald elsewhere in the building, WCH, vol.2. p.171.
  • And finally, Joseph Milteer’s prediction that Kennedy would be shot “from an office building with a high–powered rifle … they will pick up somebody within hours afterwards … just to throw the public off,” HSCA, appendix vol.3, p447.

Is the JFK assassination all lies?


Is it true that the American government kills foreign people?

May 11, 2017

Is it true that the American government kills foreign people? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

First, why have you singled out the United States? Do you believe government-sponsored murder is unique to America? And what forms of murder are you accusing the U.S. of committing? Genocide? Democide?(1) Targeted killings?

Do you think that colonialism—a policy practiced by the Soviets, the British, the French, the Dutch, the Belgians and resulting in the deaths of thousands upon thousands of people—was any less heinous? Was Mao Zedong’s Great leap Forward, launched in 1958 and whose famine resulted in the deaths of 20 to 30 million people, any less insidious?(2)

And, of course, let’s not forget the orchestrated murder of millions of people by the Nazis in World War II.

Is it true that government-sponsored murder occurs? Yes.

(1) Murder By Government–Democide
(2) Opinion | Mao's Great Leap to Famine

Is it true that the American government kills foreign people?


What is the difference between stalking, spying and surveillance?

May 11, 2017

What is the difference between stalking, spying and surveillance? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Mr. Bartle’s answer is not correct. I’ll give you an example: A hidden camera that watches the company cash drawer is surveillance, while a tracker surreptitiously attached to an employee’s personal automobile is spying.

What is the difference between stalking, spying and surveillance?


What made John F. Kennedy a great speaker?

May 9, 2017

What made John F. Kennedy a great speaker? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Initially, John F. Kennedy was not a gifted public speaker. “Stiff and wooden were the words most often used to describe his oratory,” according to author Robert Dallek.(1) He spoke in a high-pitched voice, was humorless and never diversified from the text before him. He was boring, like a young teacher on his first day.(2)

He was aloof when dealing with the general public and appeared uncomfortable, perhaps a result of his chronic health issues.

Kennedy worked on his speeches. According to author Robert Dallek, young John Kennedy would sit with his father and sisters late into the evening, rehearsing his speeches. His sisters would learn his speeches by heart and his father would provide constant positive feedback.(3)

John Kennedy gradually began to inject feeling into his speeches. This can be seen in Kennedy’s speeches at the 1956 Democratic National Convention in support of Adlai Stevenson, candidate for president:

  • “I ask you, therefore, to think beyond the balloting of tonight and tomorrow, to think beyond the election in November—and to think instead of those four years that lie ahead and of the crises that will come with them.”
  • “These are problems that cry out for solution; they cry out for leadership; they cry out for a man equal to the times.”
  • “The time is ripe. The hour has struck. The man is here; and he is ready. Let the word go forth that we have fulfilled our responsibility to the nation.”(4)

Kennedy had become aware of the power of television and used it to his advantage. In the first televised political debate, the 1960 Democratic Presidential Primary in West Virginia, Kennedy outdueled his opponent Hubert Humphrey, causing professor of political science at Washington and Lee University Harvey Wheeler to remark:

“Kennedy came through with a stronger impression. Humphrey has the disadvantage of looking like Cassius. He has a lean and hungry ambitious look. But Kennedy happens to look like a composite picture of all the good stereotypes television has created. Apparently it was simply impossible for the citizens of West Virginia to imagine the Pope being able to tell this clean-cut American boy what to do or what to say.”(5)

Kennedy’s voice and appearance were pleasing to his audiences, whomever and wherever they were. His style fit well with the needs of the nascent television era. His appeals to the goodwill of his audiences (again, feelings) resonated after the laissez-faire of the Eisenhower administration.

Kennedy always presented a vision of the future and asked his audiences to help achieve that vision, whether it was uniting a divided Berlin or landing a man on the moon. He cast himself as the leader of the free world, and he asked his audiences to dream along with him.

He learned to use silence as a weapon in his oratory. Kennedy never mentioned his drawbacks, particularly, his ill health (a lesson learned from Franklin Roosevelt?)—a spinal operation in 1954, nine more hospitalizations from 1955 to 1957.(6)

John Kennedy learned to infuse his intellect into his speeches without grandiloquence—something few politicians at that time seemed capable of doing. He recognized that the generation whom he would represent were his peers, not subjects of a patrician. A lesson well learned.

(1) Kennedy: An Unfinished Life, by Robert Dallek, Penguin Books, 2004
(2) Ibid.
(3) Ibid.
(4) John F. Kennedy Speeches
(5) The History of Televised Presidential Debates
(6) The Medical Ordeals of JFK

What made John F. Kennedy a great speaker?


If the US government found evidence of space aliens, would they publicize it or would they cover it up?

May 8, 2017

If the US government found evidence of space aliens, would they publicize it or would they cover it … by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I have answered so many questions of this type. While the U.S. government’s position on UFO’s has remained a steadfast denial of the existence of any evidence supporting visitation by extraterrestrial craft, one must take into account the 1960 recommendations of the Brookings Institute, who were asked to study the social, economic, political, legal, and international implications of the use of space for peaceful and scientific purposes.

Brookings issued a report, Proposed Studies on the Implications of Peaceful Space Activities for Human Affairs, by Donald N. Michael, that postulated on the response of the American people should there be contact with extraterrestrials or evidence of their existence—such as structures on the moon.

The Report advised the government to withhold any evidence of extraterrestrial contact from the public.

If the US government found evidence of space aliens, would they publicize it or would they cover it up?


Is anyone else worried that North Korea will nuke the USA, or am I just being paranoid? The news is making it seem as if NK will bomb the…

May 5, 2017

Is anyone else worried that North Korea will nuke the USA, or am I just being paranoid? The news is … by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

You are worried, not paranoid, and it is understandable. Earlier, I replied to this question, Is North Korea becoming more provocative? Is Trump getting more provoked than say, Obama, or is it a mixture of both? I think part of my answer is applicable here. I’ll post it below and hope it suffices.

“North Korea has accused CIA and South Korean Intelligence of having an accomplice in the as-yet-unconfirmed plot to kill Kim Jong-un: Xu Guanghai, director general of the Qingdao Nazca Trade Co.(1) China's National Enterprise Credit Information system shows that a company of that name was formed on March 7, 2017, with someone named Xu Guanghai as its legal representative. The company’s business areas include “chemical products.”(2)

According to press reports released from Pyongyang, a South Korean intelligence officer named Jo Ki Chol and Xu Guanghai met in Dandong, China with “Kim,” the North Korean purported to have been bribed to undertake the assassination.(3) To me, the entire story smacks of the sort of prose typical of the Stalinist era.

What I find curious is that, according to all reports, North Korea assigns primary blame for the plot to the Obama administration, deflecting any blame from the Trump administration and thus relieving Kim Jong-un from personally retaliating against Mr. Trump.

China has yet to respond to allegations that one of its citizens was involved in the plot. This raises a couple of questions for me: Has China verified Pyongyang’s allegations regarding a Chinese national’s assistance in the plot? Is China aware of Pyongyang’s strategy to regain face, and thus is offering tacit validation in order to facilitate a diplomatic solution?

All this certainly seems an easy way for Pyongyang to garner global style points after two failed missile launches and articles calling him, in essence, a tin-pot dictator.(4)

(1) North Korea accuses CIA of plot to assassinate Kim Jong Un
(2) 朝鲜称“粉碎”美国中情局刺杀金正恩企图 – BBC 中文网
(3) Nonpareil
(4) Ibid.”

Is anyone else worried that North Korea will nuke the USA, or am I just being paranoid? The news is making it seem as if NK will bomb the…


Is North Korea becoming more provocative? Is Trump getting more provoked than say, Obama, or is it a mixture of both?

May 5, 2017

Is North Korea becoming more provocative? Is Trump getting more provoked than say, Obama, or is it a… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

North Korea has accused CIA and South Korean Intelligence of having an accomplice in the as-yet-unconfirmed plot to kill Kim Jong-un: Xu Guanghai, director general of the Qingdao Nazca Trade Co.(1) China's National Enterprise Credit Information system shows that a company of that name was formed on March 7, 2017, with someone named Xu Guanghai as its legal representative. The company’s business areas include “chemical products.”(2)

According to press reports released from Pyongyang, a South Korean intelligence officer named Jo Ki Chol and Xu Guanghai met in Dandong, China with “Kim,” the North Korean purported to have been bribed to undertake the assassination.(3) To me, the entire story smacks of the sort of prose typical of the Stalinist era.

What I find curious is that, according to all reports, North Korea assigns primary blame for the plot to the Obama administration, deflecting any blame from the Trump administration and thus relieving Kim Jong-un from personally retaliating against Mr. Trump.

China has yet to respond to allegations that one of its citizens was involved in the plot. This raises a couple of questions for me: Has China verified Pyongyang’s allegations regarding a Chinese national’s assistance in the plot? Is China aware of Pyongyang’s strategy to regain face, and thus is offering tacit validation in order to facilitate a diplomatic solution?

All this certainly seems an easy way for Pyongyang to garner global style points after two failed missile launches and articles calling him, in essence, a tin-pot dictator.(4)

(1) North Korea accuses CIA of plot to assassinate Kim Jong Un
(2) 朝鲜称“粉碎”美国中情局刺杀金正恩企图 – BBC 中文网
(3) Nonpareil
(4) Ibid.

Is North Korea becoming more provocative? Is Trump getting more provoked than say, Obama, or is it a mixture of both?


Why was Babe Ruth never vilified for openly cheating, using corked bats, and PEDs?

May 5, 2017

Why was Babe Ruth never vilified for openly cheating, using corked bats, and PEDs? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

You have made accusations here without any shred of proof. How did Babe Ruth openly cheat? By consuming too much beer, eating too many hotdogs and oversleeping? How did he supposedly cheat?

Ruth once used a 54-ounce bat.(1) Show me evidence where it was corked.

As for the chemistry needed to produce performance enhancing drugs, i.e. steroids, such methodology had not yet been invented in the 1920’s. So again, where is the evidence to support your spurious claims?

(1) 20 Biggest Bats in MLB History

Why was Babe Ruth never vilified for openly cheating, using corked bats, and PEDs?


How do I know if I’m on a watch list, either from the NSA or terrorism?

May 5, 2017

How do I know if I'm on a watch list, either from the NSA or terrorism? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

The following website offers a method to learn whether or not you are on a terror watch list: How to find out if YOU are on the US Terrorist Watch List

Here is the website for TSA’s No-Fly List: http://www.no-fly-list.com/

How do I know if I'm on a watch list, either from the NSA or terrorism?


What were some of the best things about the 1950s?

May 4, 2017

What were some of the best things about the 1950s? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (the U.S. Supreme Court declares school segregation unconstitutional)
  • Chuck Berry
  • Lena Horne
  • The Beat Generation
  • The French New Wave Cinema
  • Gordon Parks (photographer for Life magazine)
  • Richard Matheson (The Shrinking Man, I Am Legend)
  • Ray Bradbury (The Illustrated Man, The Martian Chronicles)
  • Porkpie hats
  • Inexpensive British sports cars (MGA, Triumph TR3, Austin-Healey Bugeye Sprite)
  • Expensive British sports cars (Jaguar XK-150, Aston Martin DB4)
  • Althea Gibson (Tennis’s Grand Slam title winner)
  • Juan Manuel Fangio (Five-time Formula One World Champion)
  • Lenny Bruce

What were some of the best things about the 1950s?


What does it mean when a Native American says he wants to try my beverage with a straw I used, and asks me to try his the same way, durin…

May 4, 2017

What does it mean when a Native American says he wants to try my beverage with a straw I used, and a… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

What is the point of interjecting the person’s ethnicity? What set of circumstances did you expect would be different if the person were White, Black or Asian?

If the act of sharing a straw bothers you, then say so and omit revealing your ethnocentrism.

What does it mean when a Native American says he wants to try my beverage with a straw I used, and asks me to try his the same way, durin…


Could the Soviet illegals program still have sleeper agents in the United States now working for the Russian Federation?

May 4, 2017

Could the Soviet illegals program still have sleeper agents in the United States now working for the… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I answered a similar question, What happened to the world wide network of KGB sleepers when the USSR collapsed in 1989? I’ll post that answer below, as I feel it suffices.

“They still exist, with many now working for the Soviet spy agency SVR.

In 2010, as part of an operation dubbed Ghost Story, the FBI arrested Donald Heathfield, a Harvard University graduate and senior member of a consultancy firm, who was born Andrei Olegovich Bezrukov, and Tracey Foley, a real estate agent who was born Elena Vavilova, as part of a 10-person Russian spy ring. They had two children who were born in Canada, though the couple had lived for the most part in the United States.

The identities the parents had used were Canadians who had died long ago as children. The couple were both born in the Soviet Union, had undergone training by the KGB and had been dispatched abroad as deep-cover agents, known as “illegals.” They were betrayed by a Russian spy who had defected.

After the arrest, the children were stripped of their Canadian citizenship, even though the children were unaware their parents were spies for the SVR. All ten Russian spies were swapped for four Russians who had been held in Russian prisons on charges of spying for the West. Donald and Tracey’s two children were sent to Russia, where they now reside. (see: Operation Ghost Stories: Inside the Russian Spy Case)”

Could the Soviet illegals program still have sleeper agents in the United States now working for the Russian Federation?


What should I do with a wife whom I have caught cheating 3 times?

May 4, 2017

What should I do with a wife whom I have caught cheating 3 times? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

You have already faced this situation and yet you twice chose to continue with your marriage. Now you want advice? Or are you looking for support here to defend a decision you have already made?

It seems to me that there can be as many reasons why couples stay together as there are couples; and no one outside of the two of you knows the reasons you two have stayed together. And though we know of your wife’s behavior, we know nothing about you or the circumstances that caused your wife to have extramarital relations.

There are always two sides to every story; we have yours—only yours. No advice can be faithfully rendered on such narrow grounds.

What should I do with a wife whom I have caught cheating 3 times?


She is not whom I was looking for due to her sexual history. Should I leave her?

May 4, 2017

She is not whom I was looking for due to her sexual history. Should I leave her? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Rather than looking at your present relationship with this woman, you are going to define her by whom and how many people she dated? Who are you to impose your skewed sense of morality upon her? What a woman does with her body is no one’s business.

She should be considering whether or not you are worthy of her.

She is not whom I was looking for due to her sexual history. Should I leave her?


My boyfriend doesn’t like me talking to guys, controls me and is extremely jealous. What should I do?

May 4, 2017

My boyfriend doesn't like me talking to guys, controls me and is extremely jealous. What should I do? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

His emotional distress notwithstanding, if there is no trust, no mutual respect between you and your boyfriend, then this is not a healthy relationship.

Yes, relationships are tricky, and the dynamics that make them work are often like fingerprints—no two are exactly alike. But his jealousy, immaturity and insecurities are problems he must resolve.

And you must face the real possibility that it is time for you to move on with your life.

My boyfriend doesn't like me talking to guys, controls me and is extremely jealous. What should I do?


After lead was banned from gasoline, were there noticeable or quantifiable health benefits?

May 4, 2017

After lead was banned from gasoline, were there noticeable or quantifiable health benefits? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

In Environmental Research, Volume 84, Issue One, September 2000, pgs. 20–35, there is an essay on this very subject, “The Removal of Lead from Gasoline: Historical and Personal Reflections” by Herbert Needleman, which you may have already seen.

An abstract is located here, The Removal of Lead from Gasoline: Historical and Personal Reflections, with a link to the entire piece.

After lead was banned from gasoline, were there noticeable or quantifiable health benefits?


What is the true story behind the death of President John F. Kennedy?

April 30, 2017

What is the true story behind the death of President John F. Kennedy? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I have answered many questions on this subject. At this time, I shall only make four points:

  1. Be wary of anyone who avers that they have the definitive answer on this conundrum. Two government investigations into the murder of President John F, Kennedy have reached far different conclusions.
  2. Over the past two generations, dozens of books and articles have been written on the subject. I suggest that you first search out the earliest works, 1965 through 1970, as they are without revisionism. In particular, read the articles written in Ramparts, a 1960’s literary quarterly written for “the mature American Catholic.”(1) The contributors to this small magazine were among the first to question the Warren Commission Report with a solemn and scholarly approach.
  3. As I have stated, I have attempted to answer various forms of this question on Quora. Read my answers as well as proponents and critics of both the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  4. Come to your own conclusions.

(1) Books of The Times

What is the true story behind the death of President John F. Kennedy?


Do operation officers in the CIA see more clandestine ops than agents?

April 30, 2017

Do operation officers in the CIA see more clandestine ops than agents? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Let’s clarify something: Agents are not officers of CIA; they are sources of information, often referred to as assets, and handled by officers in CIA’s Directorate of Operations (formerly known as Plans Division). Paramilitary personnel working under the aegis of CIA can also be considered agents as they are not officially employed by the Agency.(1)

All activity conducted by the Directorate of Operations and their agents is, by definition, clandestine. Thus, quantifying this activity would be an exercise in futility.

(1) See: Central Intelligence Agency

Do operation officers in the CIA see more clandestine ops than agents?


Are there any internationally established norms or legal precedents in the cases of spies captured in a country working for foreign gover…

April 29, 2017

Are there any internationally established norms or legal precedents in the cases of spies captured i… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

In the United States, there are, actually, very few laws covering spying by a foreign government.(1) Truth be told, in many cases it can be far more advantageous for the host company not to prosecute spies—you gain a serious edge over your rival by not letting them know what you know about them.

As for those people caught spying, if they worked as a consular official for a Mission or an Embassy, they will be deported. Persons working under non-official cover may be turned—i.e, asked to spy against their home country on behalf of their captor—or, once tried and convicted, be jailed, deported or exchanged for the host country’s spy(ies) held by that foreign power.(2)

(1) Why doesn't the FBI prosecute more spies?
(2) U.S. deports Russian spy who posed as bank employee in New York

Are there any internationally established norms or legal precedents in the cases of spies captured in a country working for foreign gover…


Is it illegally wrong to secretly install a spy gadget to catch colleagues’ immoral acts at the workplace?

April 29, 2017

Is it illegally wrong to secretly install a spy gadget to catch colleagues' immoral acts at the work… by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Legally, the reason for a particular type of workplace surveillance must be more important than an employee's expectation of privacy to be legally permissible.(1) What you are asking smacks of workplace bullying. Where this actions targets a protected group—you target groups because of their race, sex or physical disabilities—there are extant laws to protect them.

However, just because the group being targeted lies outside these legal ambits does not mean you can entirely escape the law. Stress-related Workman’s Compensation claims and lawsuits for intentionally inflicted emotional stress have been successfully adjudicated on behalf of the plaintiff.(2)

(1) Surveillance at Work – Workplace Fairness
(2) Bullying at Work: Analysis of Workplace Bullying

Is it illegally wrong to secretly install a spy gadget to catch colleagues' immoral acts at the workplace?


Where is Black Knight satellite now?

April 28, 2017

Where is Black Knight satellite now? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

I have already answered a question about the supposed Black Knight satellite, What exactly is the Black Knight Satellite? I will post my answer below, as I feel it suffices here.

“According to the U.K. tabloid the Express, a YouTube user named NUA appears to have successfully debunked the 1998 NASA photographs of the so-called “Black Knight” satellite.

While many ufologists have claimed that the Black Knight is one of the most convincing pieces of evidence for the existence of intelligent extraterrestrial life for the past 17 years, with some even claiming that it has orbited the Earth for at least 13,000 years, NUA claims to have conclusively proven that the “Black Knight,” as photographed in 1998 NASA images, was nothing more than a satellite thermal blanket lost by the crew of the Endeavor space shuttle as they worked on developing the International Space Station (ISS).

In NUA’s video, the YouTube user uses NASA footage of the Endeavor mission which shows a thermal blanket on the ISS. The same blanket is then seen being dropped by the crew as it tumbles away into space. NUA highlights the blanket as being exactly the same shape as the “Black Knight” satellite in the 1998 pictures seized on by conspiracists and explains that the object only appeared to change shape because it was turning as it fell away.

After releasing the pictures in 1998, NASA had said that the object was indeed a thermal blanket. But this did not, and has not, stopped a wave of speculation that a cover-up was underway.”

Where is Black Knight satellite now?


If UFOs don’t exist, then why are they reported on every continent and ocean?

April 28, 2017

If UFOs don't exist, then why are they reported on every continent and ocean? by Tony Garcia

Answer by Tony Garcia:

Unidentified Flying Objects are just that—unidentified. Countless sightings each year are either misinterpreted meteorological phenomena; “black projects” aircraft; as-yet-unknown, naturally-occurring phenomena; misidentified aircraft or hoaxes.

I do not mean to impute that all unidentified aerial phenomena are the work of overzealous imaginations or the dregs of the internet. There are several recorded instances of craft performing aerial maneuvers worthy of an Etch-A-Sketch in the hands of competing three-year-olds.

As to their origin, I tend to agree with scientist and ufologist Jacques Vallee who said, "I will be disappointed if UFOs turn out to be nothing more than spaceships."(1)

(1) Heretic Among Heretics: Jacques Vallee Interview

If UFOs don't exist, then why are they reported on every continent and ocean?


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